Buhunga Gravity Flow Scheme
Buhunga is a recently commenced gravity flow scheme, which will be carried out in two phases, with funding from TearFund. Ultimately nine tapstands will serve over 2,000 people with first-time improved water supply, integrated with sanitation facilities and health and hygiene education. Construction of the first phase of this project was commenced in July 2016.
This project is designed to serve a total of 2,225 people of whom 1,084 live in households and 1,145 are pupils/students in institutions. More than 60% of the population in the project area draw water from unprotected springs, ponds and streams, and the rest fetch from a few and distant protected springs. A few have access to gravity-fed existing water supply, which will be incorporated into the proposed scheme.
In phase 1 a 30 m³ reservoir tank will be constructed with six tapstands and a three-kilometre pipeline. “Software” (educational) activities will involve carrying out hygiene and sanitation improvements, community mobilisation and capacity building, and construction of institutional sanitation facilities, which include a VIP latrine and an Ecosan Toilet for students and teachers respectively at Katurika Secondary School.
General sustainability work
Following the recent completion of a six-week study project, priorities for maintenance of schemes completed by WaterAid/WATSAN over the past 25 years are being established.
Concurrently with construction projects, the team is implementing a sustainability workplan, beginning with attention to gravity flow schemes in Nyarushanje, Nyambizi, Kahama and Nyakagyeme. Schematic diagrams are being developed so that in the case of Nyarushanje, which has a particular problem of water shortage, a specific technical plan can be worked out. For all four projects a general sensitisation plan is being developed in order to ensure that the local communities give all the necessary attention to the operation, maintenance and administration of their schemes. Continuity of service to over 15,000 people is at stake in these four schemes alone!