Bwambara Hill water supply and sanitation improvement

Water supply at Bwambara Hill institutions and to the community is inadequate, and the sanitation situation of this community as a whole leaves a lot to be desired. The project consists of water supply and sanitation hardware interventions and associated health and hygiene promotion activities for Bwambara Primary School, Bwambara Senior Secondary school and Bwambara Church and for the neighbouring community. The total number of potential beneficiaries is up to 1,367.

The project, which has been funded by our core donors and by fundraising from The Funding Network’s event in May 2018, includes the construction of three rainwater harvesting tanks to capture and store rain water from the roofs of the school and church buildings. The provision of this supply of water will in itself improve hygiene for the beneficiaries, particularly pupils, giving them more time to study.

The need for improved water sources in the schools and at the church is great because of the stress placed on the health, livelihood, and social economic status of individuals and the schools as a whole. These improved sources aim to provide water of higher quality than unimproved sources, lessening the health risks associated with poor quality water. The project will provide a better water supply to the schools and community of Bwambara Hill as a whole.

Additionally, sanitation and hygiene practices are vital to health in the schools, at church and in the surrounding community. For this reason, NKKD WATSAN has recognized the importance of a comprehensive project that addresses all the three components. Construction of sanitation structures in this project will include ‘VIP’ latrines and compartment bath shelters. Hygiene education and sanitation improvements will be carried out both in the Bwambara Hill area and its immediate surrounding community.

This scheme is now substantially complete as follows:

Hardware structures:

Structure  constructed at
Bwambara Hill
 Church Primary school Secondary school Town community Total
1.       Lined 5 stance latrine with a urinal and screen wall 1 1 1 3
2.       Lined 2 stance VIP latrine   1 1 2
3.       30M3 Ferro-cement rain water harvesting tanks 1 2 3
4.       Bathing shelter with four (4)compartments     Not yet constructed, awaits local community contributions   1
5.       Low yield spring       1 1

Buhunga Gravity Flow Scheme

Buhunga is a recently commenced gravity flow scheme, which will be carried out in two phases, with funding from TearFund. Ultimately nine tapstands will serve over 2,000 people with first-time improved water supply, integrated with sanitation facilities and health and hygiene education. Construction of the first phase of this project was commenced in July 2016.

This project is designed to serve a total of 2,225 people of whom 1,084 live in households and 1,145 are pupils/students in institutions. More than 60% of the population in the project area draw water from unprotected springs, ponds and streams, and the rest fetch from a few and distant protected springs. A few have access to gravity-fed existing water supply, which will be incorporated into the proposed scheme.

In phase 1 a 30 m³ reservoir tank will be constructed with six tapstands and a three-kilometre pipeline. “Software” (educational) activities will involve carrying out hygiene and sanitation improvements, community mobilisation and capacity building, and construction of institutional sanitation facilities, which include a VIP latrine and an Ecosan Toilet for students and teachers respectively at Katurika Secondary School.

General sustainability work

Following the recent completion of a six-week study project, priorities for maintenance of schemes completed by WaterAid/WATSAN over the past 25 years are being established.

Concurrently with construction projects, the team is implementing a sustainability workplan, currently with attention to gravity flow schemes in Kiringa, Kahama and Karerema. At Kiringa it was discovered that there was need for urgent intervention because the O&M leadership was no longer working. The source was covered in bushes and shrubs, and there was no water that flows in most of the tap stands except for only 3 taps that receive it occasionally. Renewed encouragement and mobilisation of the community, and those repairs to the scheme which need the WATSAN Team’s assistance are being carried out during the first quarter of 2109.

A general sensitisation plan is being developed in order to ensure that the local communities give all the necessary attention to the operation, maintenance and administration of their schemes. Continuity of service to over 30,000 people is at stake in the development and implementation of this plan!

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