Kihihi Hill rainwater harvesting and sanitation improvement

Kihihi Hill is located just outside the main town of Kihihi in Kanungu District in South Western Uganda. Currently, water supply at Kihihi High School and Kihihi church is inadequate and inaccessible. Available water sources for these institutions include intermittent piped water from Kanyampanga Gravity Flow Scheme (GFS), and Kinuka ordinary spring, which is 1km away and is used by a big population of Kihihi town, plus a few rainwater harvesting tanks at Kihihi High School which are already overwhelmed by the big population of the school. It is proposed to harness rainwater runoff from the roofs of the two school buildings and the church building, augmented where possible during the dry season by the intermittent supply from the GFS.

The proposal includes for the construction of three 30 m3 rainwater harvesting tanks, one at the church and two at the school, each to capture and store water from the roofs of the church or school buildings. The provision of this additional supply of water will itself improve hygiene and for the beneficiaries, particularly students and give them more time to study.

The need for improved water sources in the school, at the church and in the neighbouring community is great because of the stress placed on the health, livelihood, and social economic status of individuals, the school and the community as a whole. Such improved sources are indicated to provide water of higher quality than unimproved sources, lessening health risks associated with poor quality water. Accordingly, the proposed project will provide a better water supply to the school, Kihihi archdeaconry parish and the neighbouring families.

These improved water sources will be within the school and church premises to provide more convenient and better quality water than the current sources of water, which include streams and open wells.

Kinyasano Girls High School

The water and sanitation need at this school reached crisis mode in the 2015 dry season. The borehole pump, which was the only supply that could span the dry season, has now failed. Chronic rationing and water shortages in the area mean that despite infrastructure work being undertaken by the local authority, no supply to the school is planned. WATSAN will install a replacement hand-operated pump, which requires less technical maintenance and will ensure safe drinking water supplies throughout the year.

Funding for this project is coming to WATSAN from Bishops Waltham Rotary Club in the UK, in conjunction with a French club and Rotary International. The project will be monitored locally by Rukungiri Rotary Club.


This is a community water supply and sanitation project that aims to serve 226 people in their homes, plus 460 staff and pupils at Ihimbo Primary School, all of whom depend upon water fetched from surface water pools where the water is of poor quality. Two 20m³ and one 10m³ tanks are proposed in order to harvest rainwater from the school and the adjacent church buildings, together with the protection of a local spring. Health and hygiene education, and support to the community in sanitation improvement, will be provided concurrently.

Funds are being sought by the “Friends of North Kigezi” from Rotary sources for this project, which was originally proposed in 2013. 

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